Atrapado en la incertidumbre: El procesamiento predictivo y la inferencia activa en el comportamiento procrastinador del autismo


  • Sidney Carls-Diamante University of Konstanz
  • Alice Laciny Institute of Science and Technology Austria


Palabras clave:

autismo, procrastinación, coherencia central débil (CCC), priores altos e inflexibles de los errores de predicción en el autismo (HIPPEA)


Un fenómeno a menudo asociado con el autismo es un modo atípico de función ejecutiva, cuyas manifestaciones incluyen dificultad para iniciar tareas. En algunos casos, esto va acompañado de sentimientos de inercia y sensaciones que pueden describirse como inquietud y parálisis simultáneas. En consecuencia, la dificultad para iniciar las tareas puede dar lugar a la procrastinación, ya sea simplemente posponiendo el trabajo en la tarea objetivo o realizando otras tareas no relacionadas antes de dedicarse a la tarea objetivo. Curiosamente, sin embargo, también está documentado que, una vez iniciada una tarea, los autistas pueden centrarse en ella intensamente y durante periodos prolongados de tiempo, especialmente cuando les resulta interesante.

Este trabajo utiliza el procesamiento predictivo y la inferencia activa para modelar la relación entre la función ejecutiva, la procrastinación y la hiperfocalización en el autismo. Este modelo integra las causas conocidas y propuestas de los déficits en la función ejecutiva y el papel que desempeña el interés en la regulación de la atención y la motivación. El modelo propone que la procrastinación es el resultado de procesos diferenciales de minimización de errores de predicción, como la ponderación de estímulos sensoriales. Se discuten los vínculos con modelos propuestos previamente, como la coherencia central débil (CCC), y la teoría de los priores altos e inflexibles de los errores de predicción en el autismo (HIPPEA).


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Cómo citar

Carls-Diamante, S., & Laciny, A. (2024). Atrapado en la incertidumbre: El procesamiento predictivo y la inferencia activa en el comportamiento procrastinador del autismo. Lógoi. Revista De Filosofía, (45), 88–114.